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Université de Tolède

Université de Tolède


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L'Université de Toledo est une université publique centrée sur les étudiants, située sur 450 acres, à six miles au nord-ouest du centre-ville de Toledo, Ohio. L'institution de recherche métropolitaine intègre l'apprentissage, la découverte et l'engagement, permettant aux étudiants d'atteindre leur plus haut potentiel dans un environnement qui embrasse et célèbre la diversité humaine, le respect des individus et la liberté d'expression. Créée en 1872, l'institution mixte a commencé comme l'Université des Arts et Métiers de Tolède - une école privée d'arts et métiers proposant la peinture et le dessin d'architecture comme seuls sujets. a été fondée sur 160 acres, offerte par Wakeman Scott en dotation à l'université pour former les jeunes de la ville. L'école a reçu son premier soutien municipal en 1884 et est devenue l'école de formation manuelle. Dans les années 1920, l'institution en pleine croissance a élargi ses offres, devenant davantage une école d'enseignement supérieur, et la population étudiante a augmenté. Au cours des premières années, les cours avaient lieu dans deux bâtiments du centre-ville, ces emplacements étaient loin d'être idéaux. En 1922, l'école a emménagé dans un centre de formation en mécanique automobile, qui a été construit pendant la Première Guerre mondiale sur la propriété originale de Scott, mais pas suffisant. En 1928, le président Henry J. Environ 400 hommes ont travaillé moins d'un an pour terminer le Hall et le Memorial Field House dans la conception gothique collégiale. L'université a reçu son nom actuel en 1940 et est devenue une institution d'État en juillet 1967 Le processus d'acquisition de l'État a augmenté les subventions aux étudiants et les fonds d'amélioration des immobilisations, aidant l'université à ajouter plus de 15 bâtiments universitaires et résidences universitaires au campus, avant l'an 2000. Fonctionnant selon un calendrier semestriel, Toledo propose plus de 250 programmes d'études dans huit collèges, y compris le College of Arts & Sciences, le College of Business, le College of Education, le College of Engineering, le College of Health and Human Services , le Collège de droit, le Collège de pharmacie et le Collège universitaire. L'université accueille un total de 12 000 étudiants de premier cycle à temps plein, dont la grande majorité vient de l'État. Les majors populaires comprennent l'enseignement élémentaire, le marketing et la communication. Un institut des polymères, un centre de systèmes industriels et un centre pour les arts visuels sont ses principaux centres de recherche. La bibliothèque dispose d'une collection spéciale de documents d'Ezra Pound. Le centre commercial Centennial est une pelouse pittoresque située au cœur du campus. Selon l'American Society of Landscape Architects, il s'agit de l'un des "100 endroits les plus joliment aménagés du pays". chimie et sciences de la vie. L'Université de Toledo dispose également d'un centre de recherche et d'enseignement de haute technologie sur l'environnement - le Lake Erie Research and Education Center, situé sur les rives du lac Érié dans l'Oregon, Ohio. La Fondation de l'Université de Toledo - un organisme privé , organisation à but non lucratif créée en 1990 - est l'organisation officielle de réception de cadeaux de l'Université de Tolède. Gouvernée par un conseil d'administration bénévole, l'organisation est composée d'anciens élèves, de membres de la communauté et d'autres amis de l'université. En dehors des études, les étudiants sont encouragés à participer à des activités parascolaires et périscolaires. Les équipes sportives intercollégiales participent à la conférence Mid-American de la NCAA.


Université de Tolède

En 1868, le rédacteur en chef du journal Jesup Wakeman Scott a publié une brochure intitulée "Toledo : Future Great City of the World", dans laquelle il affirmait que Toledo deviendrait un centre majeur du commerce mondial d'ici 1900. En conséquence, Scott a fait don de 160 acres. de terrain à la ville pour construire une université. Connue sous le nom d'Université des Arts et Métiers de Tolède, l'école a été constituée en 1872 et a offert ses premiers cours en 1875. L'institution d'origine n'a jamais pleinement répondu à la vision de Scott et a finalement dû fermer en 1878 en raison de problèmes financiers.

En 1884, le rêve renaît lorsque la ville de Tolède prend le contrôle des actifs de l'école. La même année, la ville rouvre l'institution en tant qu'école de formation manuelle. Les étudiants qui fréquentent l'école reçoivent un diplôme de trois ans au cours duquel ils apprenaient à la fois des matières académiques et des compétences professionnelles. Les étudiants devaient avoir au moins treize ans pour s'inscrire.

Au début des années 1900, les administrateurs de l'école ont déplacé l'institution vers les normes des universités modernes. Pourtant, l'école a connu des difficultés financières à cette époque. L'université a réorganisé et élargi ses offres au cours des deux premières décennies du XXe siècle, formant le Collège des arts et des sciences, le Collège de commerce et d'industrie (également connu sous le nom de Collège des Business Administration) et le College of Education. En raison de ses programmes d'études élargis, davantage d'étudiants se sont inscrits. À la fin des années 1910, le nombre d'étudiants était d'environ 1 400. Les activités parascolaires se sont également développées et, en 1917, l'université a formé sa première équipe de football.

Les inscriptions ont continué d'augmenter dans les années qui ont suivi la Première Guerre mondiale, nécessitant un important programme de construction. Malheureusement, les États-Unis sont rapidement entrés dans la Grande Dépression. difficultés financières. L'administration de l'université a finalement pu utiliser les programmes fédéraux du New Deal pour aider à financer les améliorations du campus.

Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'Université de Tolède a passé un contrat avec l'armée américaine pour offrir un certain nombre de programmes de formation et pour fournir des logements aux troupes. Les étudiants de l'institution ont formé le premier chapitre universitaire de la Croix-Rouge du pays pendant la guerre et y ont participé. dans d'autres activités pour soutenir les soldats américains. L'université s'est considérablement développée après la fin de la guerre lorsque les anciens combattants se sont inscrits à l'université sur le GI Facture. En plus d'une nouvelle augmentation des inscriptions, l'école a pu construire des bâtiments supplémentaires et créer la Greater Toledo Television Foundation, qui s'est concentrée sur la programmation télévisée éducative.

Jusqu'en 1967, l'Université de Tolède était une université municipale et recevait une part importante de son budget de la ville. Cette situation imposait de lourdes charges à Tolède et à l'université. En conséquence, la législature de l'État a voté, le 1er juillet 1967, pour faire de l'Université de Tolède une université d'État. Les étudiants ont été impliqués dans un certain nombre de manifestations à la fin des années 1960 et au début des années 1970, liées à la guerre au Vietnam et aux réactions à la violence sur les campus dans d'autres institutions, mais leurs efforts sont restés pacifiques.

L'Université de Tolède a continué de croître à la fois en nombre d'étudiants et en taille du campus à la fin du XXe et au début du XXIe siècle. Aujourd'hui, l'institution accueille plus de vingt mille étudiants chaque année et se vante de programmes exceptionnels. en pharmacie et en génie.


Contenu

Fondation et début de l'histoire Modifier

L'Université de Tolède a commencé en 1872 en tant qu'école privée d'arts et métiers proposant des matières telles que la peinture et le dessin d'architecture. [8] L'idée derrière l'école a été encouragée par Jesup Wakeman Scott, un éditeur de journal local, qui a publié une brochure en 1868 intitulée « Toledo : Future Great City of the World. [8] La publication de Scott exprimait sa conviction que le centre du commerce mondial se déplaçait vers l'ouest et qu'en 1900 serait situé à Tolède. En prévision de l'expansion prévue vers l'ouest du commerce mondial à Tolède, Scott a fait don de 160 acres de terrain en dotation pour une université et le Université des Arts et Métiers de Tolède a été constituée en société le 12 octobre 1872. [9] La mission initiale de l'université était de « fournir aux artistes et artisans les meilleures installations pour une haute culture dans leurs professions. » [8] Scott est mort en 1874, un an avant l'ouverture de l'université en une ancienne église du centre-ville de Tolède. [8] À la fin des années 1870, l'école était en difficulté financière et après trente ans de fonctionnement, l'école a fermé en 1878. [8] Le 8 janvier 1884, les actifs de l'école sont devenus la propriété de la ville de Tolède. L'école a rouvert sous la direction de la ville en tant que École de formation manuelle de Tolède. Il offrait un programme de trois ans aux étudiants âgés d'au moins 13 ans qui recevaient à la fois un enseignement académique et manuel. [8]

Jerome Raymond, le premier président de l'université, a élargi son offre au début des années 1900 en s'affiliant au Conservatoire de musique de Toledo, au Collège de droit YMCA et au Collège médical de Toledo. Raymond a également créé le Collège des Arts et des Sciences. [8] Malgré l'expansion, l'école a lutté financièrement et a enduré diverses batailles juridiques sur le contrôle. [8] A. Monroe Stowe est devenu président en 1914 et a aidé à organiser et à stabiliser l'université et le 30 janvier 1914, le collège est devenu connu sous le nom de Université de Tolède. [9] Stowe a fondé le Collège de Commerce et d'Industrie (plus tard le Collège d'Administration des Affaires) en 1914 et le Collège d'Éducation en 1916. [8] Pendant la période, l'inscription est passée de 200 étudiants à environ 1 500. [8] Parallèlement à l'offre universitaire élargie, les activités parascolaires ont augmenté avec la formation des premiers programmes sportifs interuniversitaires de l'université en 1915, y compris le football en 1917. D'autres organisations se sont formées, telles que l'ajout d'un conseil étudiant et le premier journal étudiant de l'université, L'Universi-Teaser, en 1919. [8] Les programmes sportifs ont reçu leur surnom, les Rockets, en 1923 d'un écrivain de journal, qui pensait que le nom reflétait le style de jeu des équipes. [8]

Dans les années 1920, l'université de Tolède était une institution en pleine croissance, limitée uniquement par les bâtiments qui l'abritaient. Les cours avaient lieu dans deux bâtiments du centre-ville, mais tous deux étaient trop petits. [8] En 1922, l'université a emménagé dans un centre de formation en mécanique automobile qui avait été construit pour la Première Guerre mondiale sur le terrain d'origine de Scott après qu'il soit devenu trop grand pour les deux bâtiments du centre-ville où l'université a d'abord fonctionné. [8] Bien qu'il soit deux fois plus grand des anciens bâtiments, l'emplacement sur le terrain Scott est rapidement devenu obsolète après qu'une augmentation de 32 pour cent du nombre d'inscriptions a créé une pénurie d'espace dans les salles de classe. [8] En 1928, Henry J. Doermann est devenu président et a lancé bientôt des plans pour un nouveau campus. Doermann a reçu son financement après qu'un prélèvement obligataire initié par la ville ait été adopté par 10 000 voix. [8] Doermann a travaillé avec un cabinet d'architectes local pour concevoir le nouveau campus en utilisant des éléments de conception des universités d'Europe, l'espoir était que l'architecture inspirerait les étudiants. [8] Moins d'un an plus tard, University Hall et Field House ont été achevés dans le style gothique collégial. [8] Bien que les inscriptions soient restées stables pendant la Grande Dépression, Philip C. Nash, qui est devenu président après la mort subite de Doermann, a institué des mesures drastiques pour réduire les coûts, combinées aux fonds du New Deal du gouvernement fédéral pour aider à payer les nouvelles constructions et les bourses. [8]

L'impact de la Seconde Guerre mondiale a considérablement affecté l'université. [8] L'armée a passé un contrat avec l'université pour offrir des programmes d'entraînement à la guerre aux militaires et aux civils. [8] Les domaines d'études pour les civils comprenaient : les cours du programme d'entraînement à la guerre en ingénierie, en sciences et en gestion et les cours d'entraînement des pilotes civils. [8] L'armée a utilisé l'université pour héberger et former un détachement du 27e équipage de l'armée de l'air tandis que le corps d'infirmières des cadets des États-Unis formait des infirmières pour les hôpitaux de campagne de l'armée. [8] L'inscription des femmes a augmenté pendant la guerre et de nombreuses organisations étudiantes ont reflété les changements, le basket-ball et le football interuniversitaires ont été suspendus tandis que le chapitre de la Croix-Rouge de l'université, le premier du genre dans une université, a parrainé des abeilles à tricoter pour fabriquer des pulls pour les soldats. [8]

L'après-guerre et les années 1960 (1946-1972) Modifier

Après la guerre, la GI Bill of Rights a aidé les anciens combattants à payer leurs frais de scolarité après la guerre et plus de 3 000 anciens combattants ont profité du programme de l'UT. [8] En 1945, l'université a acheté des logements militaires excédentaires pour les anciens combattants et les a déplacés sur le campus. Le complexe, connu sous le nom de "Nashville", est devenu un logement pour étudiants mariés jusqu'en 1974, après que le pic d'anciens combattants ait diminué. [8]

En 1947, Wilbur W. White remplace Nash. White a proposé un plan de développement progressif sur dix ans, mais il est décédé en 1950 avant l'achèvement du nouveau développement. [8] L'université, sous la direction du nouveau président, le Dr Asa Knowles, a poursuivi le plan de White et a achevé un nouveau dortoir pour hommes en 1952 et la nouvelle bibliothèque en 1953. La programmation éducative pour les étudiants adultes a été élargie et a créé la Greater Toledo Television Foundation pour utiliser la télévision pour un but éducatif. [8]

En 1958, Knowles a rencontré le conseil municipal de Tolède pour obtenir un nouveau plan pour le financement futur de l'université. Au cours des années 1940, 12% du budget de la ville a été alloué à l'université et ce pourcentage s'est avéré insoutenable. [8] Le Conseil a suggéré que l'université acquière une aide financière de l'État de l'Ohio pour soulager le fardeau financier de la ville. [8]

Asa Knowles a démissionné de la présidence la même année, mais William S. Carlson a poursuivi la question et trois projets de loi ont été présentés à la législature de l'État en 1959 pour proposer une subvention aux étudiants pour les trois plus grandes universités municipales de l'État, l'Université de Toledo, ainsi que l'Université d'Akron. et Université de Cincinnati. [8] Les factures ont calé mais un prélèvement de 2 millions de dollars a été adopté la même année pour aider à soutenir l'université. [8] Les trois plus grandes universités municipales de l'Ohio ont continué à demander une aide financière de l'État et ont finalement réussi le 1er juillet 1967. La décision a fait de l'université une université d'État, après avoir fonctionné comme université municipale pendant plus de 80 ans. [8] En plus de la subvention pour les étudiants, le soutien de l'État a fourni de l'argent pour l'amélioration des immobilisations pour la construction du campus, [8] l'université a changé son nom en le Université de Tolède. [9]

Les années 1960 ont vu une augmentation de l'activisme politique et social sur le campus de l'UT. Comme de nombreuses universités, le campus de l'UT a connu de fréquentes protestations étudiantes. [8] Les étudiants ont protesté contre une variété de problèmes, allant d'une émeute pacifique de la faim en 1968 sur la qualité de la nourriture, aux protestations d'étudiants s'opposant à la guerre du Vietnam qui ont conduit à plusieurs arrestations. [8] En 1970, les étudiants de l'UT sont restés pacifiques à la suite des fusillades de manifestants dans l'État de Kent. L'UT a connu des tensions raciales lorsqu'une manifestation d'étudiants afro-américains en mai 1970 en réponse aux meurtres de l'État de Jackson a temporairement fermé University Hall. [8] Encore une fois, la manifestation de l'UT s'est terminée pacifiquement lorsque le président de l'université a rencontré les étudiants. [8]

1973-1995 Modifier

UT a célébré son centenaire en 1972 avec une année de célébrations. Cette année-là également, le président Carlson a pris sa retraite et Glen R. Driscoll a été choisi comme nouveau président de l'université et a commencé à étendre davantage l'université avec l'ajout du Center for Performing Arts et du Savage Hall en 1976, du Center for Continuing Education en 1978, et Stranahan Hall en 1984. [8] L'université remplaçant les parkings et les casernes vieillissantes de l'armée par le Centennial Mall, un centre commercial aménagé de neuf acres au centre du campus. [8] La construction a commencé en 1985 sur SeaGate Center au centre-ville de Tolède dans le cadre des efforts de revitalisation du centre-ville. [8] McMaster Hall a été achevé en 1987 et les plans du Student Recreation Centre ont été élaborés en 1990. La même année, le Greek Village et le Larimer Athletic Complex ont été achevés et le Glass Bowl a subi des rénovations. [8]

Frank E. Horton, ancien président de l'Université de l'Oklahoma, a été choisi treizième président en octobre 1988 et a poursuivi la croissance de l'université, encouragée par les présidents précédents. [8] Horton a commencé un grand effort de planification stratégique et a organisé la croissance de l'université. [8] Pour aider à réaliser les plans, en 1993 l'université a lancé une campagne de collecte de fonds de 40 millions de dollars appelée UT40. [8] Au milieu des années 1990, UT a rénové des bâtiments commerciaux à Dorr Street et Secor Road pour les salles de classe. [8] Un nouveau centre universitaire et une résidence universitaire ont été construits en 1992 pour abriter le programme spécialisé. [8] Le Centre des arts visuels du Musée d'art de Toledo a également été achevé la même année, suivi par l'International House Residence Hall et le Nitschke Hall en 1995. [8] Et la construction a commencé en 1995 sur une pharmacie, une chimie et des sciences de la vie. complexe sur le campus principal et un centre de recherche sur le lac Érié au parc d'État de Maumee Bay. [8] Les années 1990 ont également inclus une croissance significative de la technologie. L'université a rejoint OhioLINK, un réseau de bibliothèques à l'échelle de l'État, en 1994. Les laboratoires informatiques et les branchements dans les dortoirs et les bureaux fournissaient un accès Internet et l'université a créé une page d'accueil sur le World Wide Web. [8]

21e siècle Modifier

Après une longue protestation des étudiants, du personnel, du corps professoral et des membres de la communauté, le conseil d'administration de l'université a accepté d'inclure les avantages sociaux des partenaires nationaux dans la partie soins de santé du contrat pour le corps professoral et le personnel avec une date de début effective au 1er avril 2006. Ce développement a fait de l'Université de Toledo la première université d'État à commencer à couvrir les partenaires nationaux après l'adoption de l'Ohio Issue 1, plusieurs autres avaient des avantages pour les partenaires avant et les ont poursuivis après l'interdiction. La protestation a pris de l'ampleur après novembre 2004, lorsque la question 1 a été votée en tant qu'amendement constitutionnel de l'Ohio, mais a commencé plus d'une décennie plus tôt avec le travail de plusieurs membres du corps professoral.

Le 31 mars 2006, le gouverneur Bob Taft a signé le House Bill 478, qui a fusionné l'Université de Toledo avec l'Université de médecine de l'Ohio. [10] La fusion est devenue effective le 1er juillet 2006. L'institution a conservé le nom de l'Université de Toledo et les anciennes installations de l'Université de médecine de l'Ohio sont appelées le Campus des sciences de la santé. [11] Toledo est devenue la troisième plus grande université publique de l'Ohio en termes de budget de fonctionnement, ainsi que l'une des seules 17 universités publiques du pays à posséder des collèges de commerce, d'éducation, d'ingénierie, de droit, de médecine et de pharmacie. À la suite de cette fusion, le College of Pharmacy sera l'un des seuls 45 American Colleges of Pharmacy situés dans un centre universitaire des sciences de la santé. La campagne « L'avenir de la pharmacie » du collège (2008-2010) a été lancée pour collecter des fonds de bourses et d'équipement pour l'expansion du collège dans un nouveau bâtiment sur le campus des sciences de la santé, une expansion qui augmentera les opportunités d'éducation et de recherche pour les étudiants et les professeurs. [12] Ce qu'on appelait autrefois le Collège des arts et des sciences était divisé en trois collèges, dont le Collège des langues, des lettres et des sciences sociales, le Collège des communications et des arts et le Collège des sciences naturelles et des mathématiques.

Toledo est une université publique et est régie par un conseil d'administration et le Ohio Board of Regents, tous deux nommés par le gouverneur de l'Ohio. Le conseil est composé de 14 membres et est actuellement présidé par Joseph H. Zerbey, IV. [13] Les membres du conseil, qui sont des membres de la communauté non rémunérés, délèguent son pouvoir exécutif au président. Le président par intérim actuel est Gregory Postel. [14]

L'Université de Tolède est composée des collèges et écoles suivants:

  • Collège d'apprentissage pour adultes et tout au long de la vie
  • Faculté des Arts et des Lettres
  • Collège des affaires et de l'innovation [15]
  • École des affaires de la santé, entreprise et innovation
  • Collège de la santé et des services sociaux
  • Collège d'éducation Judith Herb
  • Collège d'ingénierie
  • Collège des études supérieures
  • Collège des sciences de la santé
  • Faculté de droit
  • École des biomarqueurs et de la simulation avancée
  • Collège des sciences naturelles et mathématiques
  • École de chimie verte et d'énergies renouvelables avancées
  • Collège d'infirmières
  • Collège de pharmacie et des sciences pharmaceutiques
  • Collège des arts visuels et du spectacle
  • Jesup W. Scott Honours College
  • UT en ligne

L'Université de Tolède propose plus de 250 programmes universitaires dans une gamme d'études diversifiée et complète. C'est la sixième plus grande université de l'Ohio en termes d'inscriptions et offre un ratio étudiants/professeurs de 20:1 et une taille moyenne de classe de 25.

Les sociétés d'honneur nationales telles que Phi Kappa Phi et Tau Beta Pi ont des chapitres à l'UT. L'université offre également plusieurs façons dont les étudiants peuvent enrichir leur expérience académique. Ceux-ci comprennent le Honours College, les études à l'étranger, l'apprentissage par le service et la recherche de premier cycle.

Classements académiques
nationale
ARWU [16] 155-175
Forbes [17] 619
LES/WSJ [18] 492
U.S. News & World Report [19] 298-389
Washington Mensuel [20] 291
Global
ARWU [21] 601-700
LES [22] 501-600
U.S. News & World Report [23] 834

Recherche Modifier

L'université possède l'entreprise de recherche de l'Université de Tolède et un certain nombre de centres et d'instituts de recherche.

Situé dans le parc d'État de Maumee Bay, le Lake Erie Center soutient la recherche interdisciplinaire portant sur les problèmes environnementaux affectant les Grands Lacs.

L'UT Polymer Institute, qui fait partie du College of Engineering, soutient la recherche sur les polymères et la technologie des plastiques.

Le Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization (PVIC) a été créé en janvier 2007 grâce à une subvention de 18,6 millions de dollars du ministère du Développement de l'Ohio et de 30 millions de dollars d'agences fédérales, d'universités et de partenaires industriels pour effectuer des recherches impliquant l'établissement de plates-formes scientifiques et technologiques, employant une deuxième et des matériaux photovoltaïques (PV) de troisième génération, et des dispositifs conçus pour des applications dans la production d'électricité propre. [24] Les trois principaux emplacements du Centre Wright pour l'innovation et la commercialisation photovoltaïques (PVIC) comprennent l'Université de Toledo, l'Ohio State University et la Bowling Green State University. [24]

Les recherches du centre sont axées sur l'amélioration des matériaux et des appareils de grande surface, l'augmentation de l'efficacité des technologies solaires et la réduction des coûts de production - dans le but ultime d'augmenter le nombre de systèmes de production d'électricité à énergie solaire dans les maisons, les entreprises et les services publics, ainsi que comme soutenant les besoins de la nation en matière de défense et d'aérospatiale en systèmes d'énergie solaire avancés.

En 2012, l'Université de Tolède a rejoint en tant que membres partenaires du Lowell Discovery Telescope (anciennement Discovery Channel Telescope). [25]

Les équipes sportives de l'Université de Tolède incarnent les Rockets et les uniformes arborent les couleurs bleu nuit et or. Les équipes sportives de l'université jouent dans la Conférence Mid-American. L'équipe de football des Rockets détient neuf championnats de la Conférence Mid-American, en 1967 (co-champion avec l'Ohio) 1969, 1970, 1971, 1981, 1984, 1990 (co-champion avec Western Michigan), 1995, 2001, 2004 et 2017.

Le football des Toledo Rockets a joué dans le Little Caesars Pizza Bowl 2010 le 26 décembre 2010 contre Florida International. Tolède a perdu le match 34-32. Toledo a joué dans le Go Daddy Bowl 2015 contre Arkansas State le 5 janvier 2015. Les Rockets ont gagné 63-44.

Au cours de la saison 2009, l'équipe de tennis masculine a terminé 2e de la saison régulière avec une fiche de 17-10 et a atteint la finale du tournoi MAC pour la première fois en 35 ans.

L'équipe masculine de basket-ball des Toledo Rockets a été championne de la Conférence mi-américaine 2006-07 sous la direction de l'entraîneur-chef Stan Joplin, ancien joueur vedette des Rockets à la fin des années 1970, et a été entraîneur adjoint de 1984 à 1990. Il a été licencié après s'être effondré à un record de 11-19 en 2007-08. L'équipe a reçu un prix NCAA pour la haute performance académique Toledo à égalité pour la troisième meilleure note APR au pays et MAC pour la deuxième année consécutive. [ lorsque? ] Le programme de basket-ball masculin de l'Université de Toledo se classe au sommet de la Mid-American Conference pour une deuxième année consécutive dans l'Academic Performance Rating (APR) de la National Collegiate Athletic Association. [ lorsque? ] La cote de 994 de Toledo était à égalité pour la troisième place parmi tous les programmes de basket-ball masculin de la division I de la NCAA et ne suit que Columbia et Davidson. [ lorsque? ]

Au printemps 2011, l'équipe féminine de basket-ball de l'Université de Tolède a remporté le WNIT, devenant ainsi la première équipe MAC dans tous les sports à remporter un championnat national des temps modernes.

Le cross-country féminin a remporté quatre championnats MAC (2001, 2002, 2010, 2011) et trois vice-champions MAC (2003, 2005, 2009). L'équipe féminine de cross-country a terminé 21e aux championnats de la NCAA en 2011 et 28e aux championnats de la NCAA en 2010. L'équipe d'athlétisme féminine a également terminé deuxième du MAC en salle et en plein air.

L'Université de Tolède a deux mascottes officielles, Rocky the Rocket et Rocksy the Rockette. Rocky a été introduit en 1966 et Rocksy a été introduit en 2011. UT a également un équipage spirituel officiel connu sous le nom de Blue Crew. Le Rocket Marching Band de l'Université de Tolède présente un spectacle d'avant-match et un spectacle à la mi-temps à tous les matchs de football à domicile dans le Glass Bowl.

La rivalité de Bowling Green Modifier

Les principaux rivaux de football de Toledo sont les Falcons de Bowling Green State University. Les deux équipes jouaient auparavant pour un trophée chaque année connu sous le nom de Peace Pipe, un prix qui a pris naissance dans le basket-ball mais est passé au football en 1980. En raison des règlements de la NCAA et d'un accord entre les deux écoles, la nouveauté de la rivalité sera la « Battle du trophée I-75", un trophée de bronze décerné au vainqueur du jeu. Toledo mène maintenant la série, et Toledo domine actuellement la série avec une fiche de 10-1 lors des onze dernières rencontres, dont récemment une victoire éclatante de 66 à 37 sur le terrain de Bowling Green, le Doyt Perry Stadium. [26] [27]

Sports de clubs Modifier

L'Université de Tolède a également un certain nombre de sports de club sous la direction de la Division des affaires étudiantes de l'université. Les clubs de sports reçoivent des fonds de l'université en tant qu'organisations étudiantes, les dépenses associées aux sports sont souvent complétées par les cotisations des étudiants et les activités de collecte de fonds. Les sports de club offerts par UT comprennent : bowling, basketball féminin, équipage, cross-country, hockey sur glace masculin, crosse masculine et féminine, quidditch, voile, soccer masculin, tennis de table, tennis, athlétisme, disque ultime masculin et féminin, escrime, le volley-ball féminin, le water-polo et la lutte. [28]

Quelques réalisations récentes des clubs sportifs de l'Université de Tolède : trois championnats nationaux de lutte individuelle consécutifs de 2006 à 2008 trois championnats de la Midwest-Collegiate Sailing Association en 1950, 2008 et 2009 2 participations au championnat national de l'Inter-Collegiate Sailing Association en 2008 et 2009 un championnat national de soccer de la division ouverte de la NIRSA en 1996 et un championnat national de division I de l'American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) en 1992.

Hockey sur glace Modifier

L'équipe masculine de hockey sur glace des Toledo Rockets est membre de la division II de l'American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA). En plus d'appartenir à l'ACHA, l'équipe est également un membre original d'une conférence connue sous le nom de Tri-State Collegiate Hockey League (TSCHL) qui a été créée en 2010. [29] L'équipe joue un calendrier de matchs de 30 à 35 contre d'autres équipes de club. dans la région.


Histoire de l'Université de Tolède

Ceci est une copie archivée du catalogue 2018-2019. Pour accéder à la version la plus récente du catalogue, veuillez visiter http://utoledo-public.courseleaf.com.

L'Université de Tolède a commencé en 1872 en tant qu'école privée d'arts et métiers proposant la peinture et le dessin d'architecture comme seuls sujets. Au cours des 145 années écoulées depuis, l'Université est devenue une institution complète offrant plus de 300 programmes de premier cycle et des cycles supérieurs à plus de 21 000 étudiants du monde entier. L'histoire de son développement est une histoire remarquable.

In a pamphlet published in 1868 titled “Toledo: Future Great City of the World,” Jesup Wakeman Scott articulated a dream that led him to endow what would become The University of Toledo. Scott, a newspaper editor, expressed his belief that the center of world commerce was moving westward, and by 1900 would be located in Toledo. To help realize this dream, in 1872 Scott donated 160 acres of land as an endowment for a university to train the city’s young people.

The Toledo University of Arts and Trades was incorporated on October 12, 1872, to “furnish artists and artizans [sic] with the best facilities for a high culture in their professions.” Scott died in 1874, a year after the university opened in an old church building downtown. The school was short-lived, however, closing in 1878 due to a lack of funds. On January 8, 1884, the assets of the university were given by Scott’s sons to the city of Toledo and the school reopened as the Toledo Manual Training School. It offered a three-year program for students who were at least 13 years old in academic and manual instruction.

Dr. Jerome Raymond was appointed the first president in 1908. He expanded the school’s offerings by affiliating with the Toledo Conservatory of Music, the YMCA College of Law and the Toledo Medical College, and he helped to create the College of Arts and Sciences. These changes moved the university toward becoming a baccalaureate-degree granting institution, but the school struggled through years of inadequate finances and legal battles over control.

In 1914, Dr. A. Monroe Stowe became president and led the University on its first organized path of development. He founded the College of Commerce and Industry (currently the College of Business and Innovation) in 1914, and the College of Education (today the Judith Herb College of Education) in 1916. Enrollment grew from 200 students to 1,400.

As evidence that the University was maturing, student participation in extracurricular activities increased. In 1919, Student Council was created, and two students started a newspaper called The Universi-Teaser. In 1915, the students petitioned for an intercollegiate athletic program. Football began in 1917, although the first game was a 145-0 loss to the University of Detroit. The sports teams received their nickname, the “Rockets,” in 1923 from a newspaper writer who thought the name reflected the football team’s playing style.

By the 1920s, Toledo University was a growing institution, limited only by the size of buildings that housed it. Classes were held in several small buildings downtown. In 1922, the university moved into an automobile mechanics training facility that had been constructed for World War I on the original Scott plot of land. While twice the size of the old buildings, this location was less than ideal. Its limitations became evident when an enrollment increase of 32 percent in one year produced a critical shortage of space.

The prospects for a new, permanent home for the university improved in 1928 when Dr. Henry J. Doermann became president. His first activity was to initiate plans for a new campus. To pay for the proposed buildings, that year the city placed a bond levy before Toledo’s voters. A campaign by faculty and students led to the levy’s passage by 10,000 votes and less than one year before the start of the Great Depression. Doermann wanted the new campus to reflect the best design elements of European universities because he felt such architecture would inspire students. It took 400 men less than one year to build University Hall and the Field House in the Collegiate Gothic style.

While enrollments remained stable at the university during most years of the Depression, its finances were strapped. Dr. Philip C. Nash, who became president following Doermann’s sudden death, instituted drastic measures to cut costs. Funds from the federal government’s New Deal programs helped by paying for new buildings and student scholarships.

While the Depression decade determined in many ways if the University would survive, it was World War II and its aftermath that transformed UT into the modern university it is today. The impact of the war was felt almost immediately. The military contracted with UT to offer war-training programs for military and civilian personnel. Student life also changed with the war. With a dwindling number of male students, women assumed leadership roles on campus, and intercollegiate basketball and football were suspended. And, tragically, more than 100 UT students were killed in the war. After the war, the GI Bill of Rights provided a way to reward veterans for their service by paying their college tuition, and more than 3,000 veterans took advantage of the program at UT.

In 1947, Wilbur W. White replaced Nash, who had died the previous year. White proposed a progressive 10-year development plan, but he died in 1950 before any new buildings were completed. His successor, Dr. Asa S. Knowles, oversaw the completion of several buildings, including a new library in 1953. Knowles resigned the presidency in 1958. His last official act was to meet with Toledo City Council to discuss the future financing of the university. As a municipal university, more than 12 percent of the city’s budget was allocated to it, and Knowles felt this was unsustainable. Council members suggested the university consider acquiring financial assistance from the state.

It was left to President William S. Carlson to pursue the issue. In 1959, bills introduced in the legislature for a state subsidy for Ohio’s three largest municipal universities stalled, and the university’s financial situation worsened. Fortunately, a 2-mill levy in 1959 passed by 144 votes, raising $1.7 million a year for the university. But the universities of Akron, Cincinnati and Toledo all continued to press for state financial assistance and finally, on July 1, 1967, The University of Toledo became part of the state’s system of higher education. In addition to tuition subsidies for students, state support provided capital improvement money for a campus building boom.

College students became more politically active in the 1960s, and student protests became frequent. Most at UT were peaceful, although protests in opposition to the war in Vietnam led to several arrests. In 1970, the campus remained calm following the deaths of four student protesters at Ohio's Kent State University. A protest led by African American students after the killing of students at Jackson State University in Mississippi temporarily closed University Hall in May 1970, but this ended when Carlson met with the students and reached a peaceful accord.

UT marked its centennial in 1972 with a year of celebration. That year Carlson retired, and Dr. Glen R. Driscoll was selected as his successor. Driscoll oversaw further expansion of the University’s physical plant. Centennial Mall, a nine-acre landscaped area in the center of Main Campus, replaced parking lots and Army barracks in 1980. In 1985, Driscoll retired and was replaced by Dr. James D. McComas, who continued the expansion of the University’s facilities. His tenure at UT was brief, however, as he resigned in 1988.

Dr. Frank E. Horton was selected to be The University of Toledo’s 13th president in October 1988. To meet the challenges of the 1990s, Horton began a lengthy strategic planning effort to chart a course of targeted, purposeful growth. To help achieve the plan’s many goals, in 1993 the University launched a successful $40-million fundraising campaign. The University continued to expand its physical environs with the renovation of commercial buildings into classrooms. The University also formalized its relationship with the Toledo Museum of Art with the completion of UT's Center for the Visual Arts on the museum’s grounds. The University also built its Lake Erie Research Center at Maumee Bay State Park.

Significant growth in the 1990s was not only in buildings, but also in technology. The University joined OhioLINK, a statewide library network, in 1994. The internet became accessible in residence halls and offices. Technological improvements enabled students to register for classes and check their grades online. The University also began to experiment with offering classes via distance (online) learning.

In 1999, Dr. Vik Kapoor became the University’s 14th president following Horton’s retirement. Kapoor embarked on a restructuring program that included major resource reallocation and administrative reorganization. The Community and Technical College, established in 1968 on the University’s Scott Park campus, was abolished. In June 2000, Kapoor resigned, and was replaced the following year by Dr. Daniel Johnson.

Johnson’s agenda focused on reconnecting the University to the community through outreach and engagement activities, and the University’s mission was rewritten to describe UT as a metropolitan research university. Planning began on a science and technology corridor to encourage research partnerships with businesses. Construction projects on Main Campus included renovations to several older buildings, including the Memorial Field House, which was transformed from a basketball arena into a classroom building it reopened in 2008 after several years of standing empty.

In 2006, the University saw another fundamental change with the merger of UT and the Medical University of Ohio, which had been founded as a separate state-supported institution in 1964. As part of the merger, Dr. Lloyd Jacobs, who had been president of MUO, was named president of the merged university. UT became one of few universities nationwide to offer degrees in medicine, law, engineering, business, nursing, pharmacy and education.

In 2015, UT welcomed its first female president, Dr. Sharon L. Gaber. As the University's 17th president, Gaber has worked to increase enrollment, retention, research and philanthropy, and has overseen the implementation of an agreement to partner UT’s medical education with ProMedica, a regional health-care system. Through increased collaboration with faculty, staff, students and the community, Gaber also has led the University in efforts to create and implement a new strategic plan, a diversity and inclusion plan, and a new multiple-campus master plan.

Despite the challenges facing higher education in the 21st century, The University of Toledo today is a success story. Many of its faculty and academic programs have worldwide reputations, and its Main Campus and Health Science Campus are recognized as architectural gems. If the past is any indication, future challenges will be met and the institution will continue educating its students as accountable citizens and global leaders.


University of Toledo - History

University Hall has been an iconic part of the University of Toledo and the City of Toledo since its conception in 1929. The building utilizes collegiate gothic architecture and stands as an inspiration to students to learn and reach for their goals. However, University Hall was not always apart of the University of Toledo.

Prior to the completion of University Hall in 1931, and the leadership of President Henry Doermann, the University was financially unstable, having changed its location multiple times. However, this all changed in 1928 when the University appointed Dr. Doermann President of the University. A bond levy which was placed on the ballot for the City of Toledo in the fall of 1928, which would give funds to the University for the purchase of a new land and the construction of a new campus. President Doermann, university alumni, and other volunteers were able to gather enough support for the bond levy to be passed. The bond issue that was agreed upon totaled $2,800,000, which in today’s (2018) currency would be close to $40 million.[1] After many locations throughout the Toledo area were proposed, it was finally agreed upon by City Council and the relocation board that the new location of the University would be on West Bancroft Street, where it is presently located. On January 31, 1929 the board approved the site and purchased, for a price of $275,00, land from the Rufus Wright Farm (80-acres on West Bancroft).[2] Additionally, another purchase was made to buy 34 acres of land in between the Wright Farm and Terminal Railroad tracks, for a price of $25,000.[3] In 1929, the architectural firm of Mills, Rhines, Bellman, and Nordhoff was chosen to design the University buildings. The contract for constructing University Hall, as well as the Field House went to the Henry J. Spieker Company. Construction finally started and took 11 months to be completed in 1931. With the completion of University Hall UT now has a stable educational environment.

He had chosen University Hall’s Gothic architectural design to reflect a few aspects from the Universities in Europe believing it would be an encouragement to the students attending. Due to this choice in design, it became a standard for all other buildings created on the main campus. Doermann brought more life to the school starting in 1928. At the age of 37, he was elected President of the University in the city of Toledo. After becoming President of the University his first task was to begin an expansion program to organize a new location for the University. Doermann collected the funding needed for this project given to him by a city-initiated bond levy having ten thousand votes. At the time of the new University President had to deal with a little flooding from the Ottawa River, but soon ground was broken for the University Hall in March of 1929 and the cornerstone ceremony began on June 12, 1930. Construction was completed with 400 construction workers in the span of 10 months and a five day open house was initiated in February of 1931.

Architectural Style: Collegiate Gothic

  • Standing 63 feet tall, includes a bell tower in the center which stands 205 feet tall.
  • The tower has four gargoyles which face outward on the four corners.
  • The front entrance is modeled after Daneway Hall, a 16 th century mansion.
  • Contains to courtyards in the east and west wings.
  • Features classical gothic architecture motifs, such as a turret in the front, pointed arch doorways, battlements, and vaulted ceilings.

Architects: Mills, Rhines, Bellman, and Nordhoff Inc.

Contractor: Henry J. Spieker Company (crew of 400 workers)

Ground Breaking: March 3 rd , 1929

Interior of University Hall:

  • Has 337 room, including a theatre which hold over 500 people (named after President Doermann), a cafeteria (removed now office space), 2,000 windows, 12 chimneys, and a library located on the 5 th floor (has been removed and is now class rooms and offices).
  • Home to various administrative and academic offices which consist of the Presidential office, college of arts and letters, office of the provost, college of graduate studies, and college of mathematics. Students who take their subjects in this building are given plenty of ranging activities such as foreign languages, religion, economics, and psychology.

Materials Used: 50,00 tons of Wisconsin Lannon stone and Indiana Limestone. Including 993 tons of Fave bricks, 1,048,600 Duplex bricks, 1,957,300 common bricks, and 6,000 tons of mortar.

Ivy in the front of the building comes from Heidelberg College of Germany. In the past it used to be tradition, in the United States, once a new campus was built a branch of ivy was brought over from a European Institution and planted in the new campus. Symbolizing continuing education.

Corner stone was laid on June 12 th , 1930, however Dr. Doermann left a sort of time capsule within the stone before it was laid. The stone contains a short history of the University, descriptions of the bond campaign, copies of the University’s annual Blockhouse, Campus Collegian, Toledo City Journal, and pictures from the ground breaking.

On the third floor there is a collection of 55 painted University seals, which represent the first faculty to occupy University Hall.

Bibliographie

Value of $2,800,000 in 1928. Inflation Calculator for Today's Dollars, www.saving.org/inflation/inflation.php?amount=2,800,000&year=1928.

Hickerson, Frank R. The Tower Builders the Centennial Story of the University of Toledo. University of Toledo Press, 1972.


University of Toledo

Nos rédacteurs examineront ce que vous avez soumis et détermineront s'il faut réviser l'article.

University of Toledo, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Toledo, Ohio, U.S. It offers more than 300 undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs through 13 schools and colleges. The main campus is in west Toledo in addition there are the Scott Park campus of Energy and Innovation, the Health Science campus, and academic facilities at the Lake Erie Center, the Toledo Museum of Art, and the Stranahan Arboretum. The university also provides a joint-study program with Bowling Green State University. Research centres and institutes include the Polymer Institute, the Legal Institute of the Great Lakes, and the Ritter Astrophysical Research Center. The University of Toledo enrolls approximately 23,000 students.

The Toledo University of Arts and Trades was founded in 1872 on the current Scott Park campus on lands donated by Jesup W. Scott, a citizen of Toledo. It was a municipal university from 1883 until 1967, when it began receiving state support. Pharmacy and law were added to the curriculum in the first decade of the 20th century, when the university became affiliated with Toledo Medical College and the Toledo YMCA College of Law. The university experienced marked growth beginning in 1928 with the creation of the campus in west Toledo. In 2006 the University of Toledo merged with the Medical University of Ohio the latter was renamed the University of Toledo Health Science Campus.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Rachel Cole, Research Editor.


27 commentaires

here’s another interesting link to some aku-aku stories:

my dad tuned the piano at the aku-aku and i sometimes went with him. i remember meeting count basie and other entertainers. i also remember watching all the beautiful girls hanging around the swimming pool on a weekday afternoon. ahem.
dad had a lot of slick shapiro stories, none of which i remember other than the fact that dad liked him because he paid and he paid on time.
that said, i really enjoy this site. keep it up!

Merci! That is a GREAT link.

My grandparents basically lived right around the corner at “Phil Manor,” a brick apartment building at Robinwood and Bancroft, and we used to pass the Town House/Quality Inn there all the time. By then (late 60s, early 70s) the area was still sliding and the digging for Interstate 75 made it a pretty memorable mess anyway.

I worked as a sommelier at Tiffinanny’s in 1979. It was a wine only bar (about 120 different bottles) with one beer, Grolsch. The food was limited to a cheese plate ( bonbel, port salut, port wine cheddar, brie and apple slices. There was live music on the weekends, but it was more if a date place than a singles bar.
Great article. Good memories. I moved out of state that year.

Hi Mark, thanks for sharing your memories of Tiffinanny’s. I came to Tiffinanny’s frequently back in the mid to late 1970’s, and you are correct, Tiffinanny’s was a date place. It was unique and very special. The owner created spaces within his establishment just for couples partitioning tables with tall walls that split each table in fours to seat up to 4 couples per table. While I cannot recall the owner’s name, I recall his telling my then girlfriend and I that he named the place after his 2 ex-wives. Excellent wine and cheeses, and live music. All good memories.

I went searching on the Internet in search of any photos of Tiffinanny’s. So far, I have not found any. The only references of Tiffinanny’s found are from those that either worked or performed there. I hope to find a photo or of it someday. Thanks again for sharing.


Chapter 1: The Early Years, 1872-1910s

In a small pamphlet published in 1868 entitled “Toledo: Future Great City of the World,” Jesup Wakeman Scott articulated a dream that led him to endow what would become the University of Toledo. Scott, who served as editor of The Toledo Blade from 1844-1847, often used his writings to promote the city. In this publication, he expressed his belief that the center of world commerce was moving ever westward, and by 1900 would be located in Toledo. The city would become bigger than Paris, London, or New York. To help realize this dream, in 1872 Scott donated 160 acres of land on Nebraska Avenue near a proposed railroad terminal as an endowment for a university to train the city’s young people to assume roles in the Future Great City.

Articles of incorporation were drawn up on October 12, 1872 for the Toledo University of Arts and Trades. The institution was to “furnish artists and artisans with the best facilities for a high culture in their professions. ” Income from the lease of the Scott land, then valued at $80,000 but certain to increase rapidly when the railroad terminal opened, was to support the institution. The university was to offer its classes “free of cost to all pupils who have not the means to pay for the same, and all others are to pay such tuition and other fees as the trustees may require.”

Unfortunately for the struggling university, the railroad terminal never materialized. Jesup Scott died in 1874, a year before the university opened in the old Independent Church Building at 10th and Adams downtown. The building was named for trustee William Raymond, who gave the money needed to purchase it. The university’s curriculum centered on design courses, with painting and architectural drawing as the only subjects. The school was forced to close in 1878, however, because it was never able to gain appropriate finances.

Jesup Scott’s three sons—Frank, William, and Maurice—were disappointed by the failure of the school. They felt that the university might succeed if reorganized as a manual training school. But because they had no money, the sons turned over the university’s assets—including the 160 acres of land—to the city of Toledo on January 8, 1884. Three months later the city accepted the gift and agreed to use the assets to create a university, as was required by the Scott trust.

The city ordinance accepting the assets stated that the school was to be called Toledo University, and its first department was to be the Manual Training School. A Board of Directors was appointed, and the Toledo Board of Education provided the top floor of the Central High School to house the Manual Training School. The school offered a three-year program for students at least 13 years old, who divided their time evenly between academic and manual instruction.

The Manual Training School was a huge success. Soon the school was out of room, and the Board of Directors asked the Board of Education to provide land for a new building. The ensuing disagreements between these two governing bodies were the first in a long line of fights which would not be resolved until 1911. But the new building was constructed as an annex to Central High.

Toledo University passed up a great opportunity in 1900. An anonymous donor offered to provide a substantial gift of money to turn the Manual Training School into a technical university. However, the Board of Directors turned down the offer because they felt it had too many strings attached. They learned after rejecting the gift that their would-be benefactor was steel magnate Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie gave his money a few years later for the establishment of the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh.

The Manual Training School changed its name to the Toledo University Polytechnic School in 1900. However, most people continued to call it the Manual Training School, and it continued a curriculum of traditional and vocational instruction to students in the 8th grade and higher. Another quarrel broke out between the Board of Directors and the Board of Education over space for the school. When it could not be resolved, the Board of Directors decided to exclude students in grades 8 and 9 from attending. With this move, the battles between the two bodies intensified.

Albert E. Macomber, one of the original trustees of the institution in 1872 and an ardent supporter, suddenly turned on the school and began a lengthy battle against it. He sought to have the Polytechnic School abolished and reestablished as the manual training department of Central High. Maurice Scott supported Macomber because he felt the Polytechnic School was not the intention of his father’s original endowment.

The university’s Board of Directors needed a new facility to relieve overcrowding, and proposed selling the Scott farm property to pay for it. Macomber and the Scott sons sued, stating that the city and the Board of Education had no right to sell the land. The university’s Board of Directors turned to the state legislature, which in 1904 enacted legislation stating the right to regulate municipal universities was a power of city council, not the Board of Education. A circuit court ruling upheld the legality of the Board of Directors.

The battle between the two governing boards continued, and escalated. In 1905, the Board of Education refused to levy taxes to support the school, and the Manual Training School could not open for one month due to lack of funds. The next year the Board of Education sought to strengthen its hand by seizing the building that housed the school. Several members barricaded themselves inside, refusing to leave. The Board of Directors asked the city to file a lawsuit to finally settle the question of who controlled the university.

Funding for the school continued to be tenuous. In 1908, when the city tried again to levy taxes to support the institution, Macomber vigorously attacked the effort. He published a scathing circular criticizing the university. City government was unwilling to turn over any money to operate the institution until Board member Dr. John S. Pyle pointed out the city had just spent $2400 to purchase an elephant for the zoo. Surely, Dr. Pyle argued, the university was as important as an elephant. The tactic worked, and on June 15, 1909, the city granted $2400 to fund the institution. This did not end the financial problems of the university, however, and operating expenses often had to be made up out of the pockets of the directors.

Dr. Jerome Raymond was appointed the first president of the university in 1908. Despite the financial headaches and the on-going questions concerning the legality of the university’s existence, Dr. Raymond was able to make some progress for the university. He expanded the university’s offerings by affiliating with the Toledo Conservatory of Music and the YMCA College of Law and creating the College of Arts and Sciences. Along with its affiliation with the Toledo Medical College, which had occurred in 1904, these changes were important in moving the institution from being a manual training school to becoming an institution of higher education.

However, Dr. Raymond found the stress of the situation too much, and resigned in 1910. No candidates came forward to replace him because of the political difficulties and an annual city appropriation of only $3600. The university appointed Dr. Charles Cockayne, then on the faculty, as acting president.

At this time, classes for the university were being held in both the Manual Training School facility and at the Toledo Medical College building at Cherry and Page. The Toledo Medical College building was nearly destroyed in a fire on January 9, 1911. This was a devastating blow for the directors. The university lost its laboratories, its library, and many classrooms. The directors were ready to give up and close the university. Fortunately, an arrangement was made to use the third floor of the Meredith Building at Michigan and Jefferson. The university continued to hang on.

On January 24, 1911, in the case of Toledo v. Seiders et al., the university finally got the legal decision it had eagerly sought settling the questions of ownership and control. A circuit court decision (upheld by the Ohio Supreme Court) clearly established the legal existence of the university and the Board of Directors as its governing body. The city raised its budget to $5000, and for the first time it appeared the institution might survive.

The Board of Directors realized after the court’s decision that it no longer needed the Manual Training School. The curriculum did not fit with an institution that provided baccalaureate education. In 1914, the directors worked out an agreement to give the building to the Board of Education in exchange for an empty elementary school at the corner of 11th and Illinois. However, this building was not without its problems. It needed extensive renovation it was in a bad neighborhood and it was a mile from the Cherry and Page street building which, after having been repaired following the fire, continued as the location for many classes.

With the new building came a new president. Dr. Cockayne was removed, although at first he refused to leave and his replacement, Dr. Allen Cullimore, had to change the locks on the president’s office door to keep him out. Dr. Cullimore served as acting president for five months until a permanent president, Dr. A. Monroe Stowe, took office on July 6, 1914.

Dr. Stowe faced many of the same challenges of his predecessors, and some new ones. In 1914, the Toledo Medical College closed, the victim of new regulations governing medical education issued by the American Medical Association. But despite this setback, Dr. Stowe seemed to have the vision to take the university on its first organized path of development. He established educational standards, admission requirements, and a formal curriculum. He founded the College of Commerce and Industry in 1914, and the College of Education in 1916. Enrollment grew from 200 students to 1400, and the budget increased to $200,000. Dr. Stowe took the first steps toward becoming accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, and in 1920 accreditation was granted.

Dr. Stowe’s tenure was not without controversy, however. In 1915, at the urging of Dr. Pyle, Dr. Stowe hired Scott Nearing as professor of economics and dean of the College of Arts and Sciences. Nearing was an economics professor who had been dismissed from the University of Pennsylvania for his radical views. With his national reputation, Nearing was sought after as a speaker, and came to be seen as the spokesperson for the working classes of Toledo. With the United States on the verge of entering World War I and the fear of Socialism on the rise, however, Nearing was attacked by many conservative groups in the city. They feared he was using his position in the classroom to teach Socialism to students. The groups and their influential leaders succeeded in getting Nearing dismissed from his position in 1917. His house was raided, many of his papers were confiscated, and the American Association of University Professors refused Nearing’s appeal for assistance.

When the United States entered the war in 1917, enrollment dropped as students left to serve their country. The Committee on Education and Special Training of the U.S. War Department proposed a program to the university to train automobile mechanics for the war effort. A machine shop and dormitory were built on the Scott property on Nebraska Avenue for this purpose, as was housing for the Toledo University Section of the Students Army Training Corps. This program, the forerunner of ROTC, provided army training for many soldiers. Many of these students returned to the university after the war and enrolled as full-time students.

At the end of nearly 50 years of existence, Toledo University had emerged as a growing municipal university.

While its critics, including Albert Macomber, continued to attack it, the institution had established the legality of its existence, had divorced itself from a manual training curriculum, and was accredited by a national agency. It continued, however, to be housed in several inadequate buildings, and in the next decade would be forced to find a permanent home.


Sexism Charges Challenged at the University of Toledo

Three sources within the department told HNN that Ruth Wallis Herndon is the professor who resigned. Professor Herndon could not be reached for comment, but these sources said that neither a sexist atmosphere nor the University&rsquos report led to her resignation. Rather, she left simply because she was offered a better position at Bowling Green State University, which is closer to her home.

Every female professor that I contacted declined to comment on the OID report for fear of worsening the situation. However, two female graduate students in the department, who wish to remain anonymous, both said that, to their knowledge, the accusations in the report are untrue. &ldquoIf the charges were true,&rdquo offered one student, &ldquoyou would think [sexism] would have trickled down to the graduate students, which it hasn&rsquot.&rdquo Another student believes that the problem is caused by one professor, &ldquoand it has been turned into sexism because she happens to be female.&rdquo If the department is &ldquotoxic&rdquo in the eyes of this professor, she continues, &ldquoIt is because she has made it so.&rdquo

My sources indicated that the divide within the department might be more related to politics than sexism. One source says &ldquothe problems in the department exist due to differences of opinion in how the department should be run.&rdquo Much of the animosity seems to stem from a vote of no confidence (8-4) in the former department chair, Timothy Messer-Kruse. A source within the department said that since the vote, &ldquothose that supported the former chair&helliphave an axe to grind.&rdquo Another female graduate student confirmed that &ldquothere is a lot of bitterness and hard feelings&rdquo over last year&rsquos vote. Professor Larry Wilcox says that Messer-Kruse was ousted because his critics believed he was not leading the department well.

Wilcox, who has been teaching at the University for almost forty years, admits that the History program is in dire condition. He claims that &ldquoadministrators who give little support to the humanities&rdquo are a big part of the problem. When Wilcox began teaching at Toledo in 1968, University enrollment was at 9,000 and there were twenty tenure track professors in the history department. Today, enrollment is just under 20,000 and there will be eight tenure track professors, one of whom is a woman, by the end of the academic year.

In the last three years, eight members of the teaching faculty have retired, but according to Wilcox, the administration has not permitted the department to replace them with new tenure track faculty. Both Wilcox and the graduate students I spoke to felt that if new faculty were hired, problems in the history department would be ameliorated.

In Wilcox&rsquos view, the University&rsquos treatment of the OID report has exacerbated the situation. He says that the allegations in the report have resulted in &ldquoarbitrary and capricious punishment of the Department of History by the current administration of the University of Toledo.&rdquo The University has repeatedly denied his requests to see the specific allegations made in the report, along with support and attribution. Instead, the administration has given the department a two page summary and conclusions of the OID investigation. In local newspaper articles, the administration has contended that faculty members were given anonymity so they would not be hindered in fully expressing their feelings about the department. Nevertheless, a graduate student remarked, &ldquoBy refusing to discuss the situation, the University is merely suppressing the problem.&rdquo

Wilcox also charged that his department has not been given the &ldquoright to respond to [the report] in a fair and public forum.&rdquo Consequently, he and five other male faculty members (or 2/3 or the remaining tenure track faculty) have filed a class action grievance against the administration of the University of Toledo. One male and one female professor refused to sign the suit. When contacted, a representative of the University administration said that it would be &ldquoinappropriate for the University comment under the circumstances.&rdquo

Given the recent developments, the atmosphere of the University of Toledo&rsquos history department is replete with tension and low morale. At least three Master&rsquos students are leaving after this year. Professor Wilcox complains that &ldquouniversity politics&rdquo have unduly intruded on his professional obligations and his devotion to his students. However, there is still some optimism that the department can weather the storm. One graduate student says, &ldquoI know we can get through this and that the quality of our program will carry us through.&rdquo


Post Modern Style

Post-Modern is the name given to recent developments in architecture. Its defining elements are not always clear, but it does represent a drastic change from the buildings of the International Style. For some architects, Post-Modern is a return to the styles of the 1920s and 1930s. To others it means an interest in the arbitrary geometry of the Beaux-Arts school of the 19th century. To still others it is completely radical and new. One could sum up the Post-Modern style by one word: eclectic.

9. Stranahan Hall

Architects: Munger, Munger, and Associates

Stranahan Hall, home of the College of Business Administration, fits the Post-Modern label well. It is modern, yet old. It is square, yet round. It is symmetrical, yet asymmetrical. It is eclectic.

Stranahan Hall has been one of the most acclaimed buildings constructed on campus. In 1986, the architectural firm won an American Institute of Architects/Society of Honor Award for the design. It has been described as "a sophisticated use of form and materials relating well to the campus's Collegiate Gothic roots."

Heaviness of walls, unlike sleek glass and steel of the International buildings.

Pointed dormer windows of the Gothic tradition.

Rounded northeast corner, balancing against other square and pyramidal sides.

Classical columns on south facade.

Five-story atrium, balanced against buried first floor.

Deeply recessed windows are a much simplified version of the leaded glass casement windows of University Hall.

10. McMaster Hall

Architects: Munger, Munger, and Associates

McMaster Hall is the second building on campus to be built in the Post-Modern style. Like Stranahan Hall, it encompasses elements of the old and the new, yet its roots are clearly in the Collegiate Gothic. It is less eclectic and more traditional than Stranahan Hall.

Features to note:

Heaviness of walls gives the feeling of permanence and tradition.

Pointed roofs and battlement decoration are Gothic elements.

Pointed arched doorways, chimney brick, casement windows, and slate on roofs are similar to University Hall.

Seven-story height of central portion reminiscent of University Hall tower.

Its traditional design contrasts with the building's intended purpose to provide a place for instruction in advanced physics and astronomy.

11. The Academic Center Residence Hall

Architects: Seyfang, Blanchard, Duket, Porter Inc.

Typical of the eclecticism of the Post-Modern movement, the Academic Center Residence Hall combines elements of both the Gothic and International styles of architecture. The outer walls combine modern aluminum with traditional brick. The Hall unites vertical, horizontal and diagonal surface areas, along with tall, narrow windows to provide a unique blend of the old and the new.

Slanted roofs reminiscent of University Hall design.

Aluminum roof design combines elements of the old and the new.

12. Student Union Addition

Much like the Academic Center Residence Hall, the latest Student Union Addition is a combination of the Gothic and International Styles. This is exemplified in the use of both buff-colored brick in the middle of the building and Indiana limestone at each end. This combination is also evident in the design and materials used on the roof, which is peaked and made of slate on each end and flat in the middle.

Middle of building is rounded showing interest in geometric shapes. This interest is reminiscent of the International as well as the Transitional styles of architecture.

Ends of building emphasize clean vertical, horizontal, and diagonal lines, and include evidence of the Collegiate Gothic.

13. Center for Visual Arts

Architects: Frank O. Gehry and Associates

The Center for Visual Arts is located adjacent to The Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo's Old West End and is the first University building designed by world- renowned architect Frank Gehry. The design of the building provides an interesting and pleasing contrast to the classical appearance of the Museum.

The Center for Visual Arts is a building of metal and glass that exemplifies the contemporary style. In designing the complex, Gehry paid special attention to balancing different geometric shapes, particularly noting the flat roof and the rounded corners of the building. The Center for Visual Arts is often noted for its award-winning design and was also featured in Time magazine.


Voir la vidéo: Ville de Séville Andalousie Espagne (Juin 2022).


Commentaires:

  1. Theophile

    la pièce Utile

  2. Bat

    je ne sais pas quoi dire

  3. Raynard

    Je m'excuse, mais, à mon avis, vous n'avez pas raison. Je suis assuré. Je peux défendre la position. Écrivez-moi dans PM.

  4. Yosho

    Je pense que des erreurs sont commises. Je suis en mesure de le prouver. Écrivez moi en MP, ça vous parle.



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